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Caesarean babies have different gut bacteria, microbiome study finds

“Babies born by caesarean section have different gut bacteria to those delivered vaginally, the most comprehensive study to date on the baby microbiome has found” writes Hannah Devlin for theguardian.com. Breastfeeding also had an impact on gut bacteria, the study found, but played a more minor role.However, in the future it may become routine to administer a dose of bacteria to babies born through caesarean.The study showed that babies born vaginally pick up most of their initial dose of bacteria from their mother, while C-section babies have more bugs linked…

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Evidence mounts that gut bacteria can influence mood, prevent depression

“Now, a study of two large groups of Europeans has found several species of gut bacteria are missing in people with depression” writes Elizabeth Pennisi for sciencemag.org. Indeed, some physicians and companies are already exploring typical probiotics—oral bacterial supplements—for depression, although they don’t normally include the missing gut microbes identified in the new study.Several studies in mice had indicated that gut microbes can affect behavior, and small studies of people suggested this microbial repertoire is altered in depression.Interventions based on the gut microbiome are now under investigation: The University of…

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What Are Probiotics, And Why Should I Try Them?

“Prebiotics are types of dietary fiber that fuel the growth of your gut bacteria, whether existing or newly introduced” writes Abid Haque for gq.com. Some companies also offer subscription services that purport to deliver better gut health to your doorstep each month.For those who may be pondering the merits of probiotic-infused products, we asked a few experts for advice on how to make the most of one’s microbiome.Synbiotics are foods or products that contain both of these things: a probiotic and prebiotic.For example, some probiotic strains have shown to alleviate…

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Meet the trillions of viruses that make up your virome

“It has been estimated that there are over 380 trillion viruses inhabiting us, a community collectively known as the human virome” writes Chandrabali Ghose for theconversation.com. Everywhere researchers have looked in the human body, viruses have been found.Many of these viruses infect the bacteria that live inside you and are known as bacteriophages, or phages for short.To put it simply, when it comes to where viruses live in the human body, figuring out where they don’t live is a far better question than asking where they do. Source: theconversation.com

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A startup that’s helping us better understand the microbes that live in and on each of us is now going to start developing drugs based on those bugs

“The drug candidates can be in one of three groups: bugs as drugs (microbes added to a person’s system to treat a condition), drugs for bugs (treatments that target microbes), or drugs from bugs (treatments derived from a particular microbe)” writes Lydia Ramsey for businessinsider.com. And there’s an interesting difference between a genetics test and a microbiome test: Unlike your genome, the genetic information you’re born with, the microbiome can change over time.From that data, uBiome has already started finding potential drugs that can then start to be developed, either…

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Probiotics ‘not as beneficial for gut health as previously thought’

“The scientists also compared the gut microbiomes of the gut intestinal tract of 25 volunteers with that of their stools” writes Anthea Lacchia for theguardian.com. The gut microbiome is the sum total of all the micro-organisms living in a person’s gut, and has been shown to play a huge role in human health.Probiotics, hailed by some as a cure for all kinds of digestive ailments and recommended by many GPs alongside antibiotics, may not be as universally beneficial for gut health as previously thought.New research has found probiotics can hinder…

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